What are antibiotics and how do they work complete information regarding antibiotics.
The word antibiotic means “against life.” Any medicine that kills germs in your body is technically an antibiotic.
An antibiotic is a type of antibiotic designed to target bacterial infections inside (or on) the body. This makes antibiotics very different from other important types of antimicrobials that are widely used today.
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What is Antiseptics
When the risk of infection is high, such as during surgery, antiseptics are used to disinfect the surface of living tissue.
What is Disinfectants
Disinfectants are non-selective antimicrobial, killing a wide range of micro-organisms, including bacteria. They are used on non-living surfaces, for example in hospitals.
Infections that can be treated with antibiotics
Most of the bacteria that live in your body are harmless. Some are even useful. Even so, bacteria can infect almost any organ. Fortunately, antibiotics can usually help. These are the types of infections that can be treated with antibiotics:
- Some ear and bone infections
- Infection-related to Dental
- Step throat
- Bladder and kidney infections
- Bacterial pneumonia
- Skin infections
- Meningitis (inflammation of the brain and spinal cord)
It is important to know that antibiotics only work against bacteria. The cause of some diseases is viruses e.g The common cold, flu, mostly cough, some bronchitis infections, mostly sore throat and stomach flu so antibiotics do not work for these. Your doctor will either prescribe these antidepressants or prescribe antiviral drugs to help you get rid of them.
Some antibiotics work on many different types of bacteria. They are called “broad spectrum”. Others only target specific bacteria. They are known as “narrow-spectrum“.
What are the Side Effects of Antibiotics?
Since your intestines are full of bacteria, for better or worse, antibiotics usually affect your digestive system when treating infections. Common side effects include:
- Flatulence or indigestion
- Stomach pain
- Loss of appetite
Power of Antibiotics
As we are reading the Role of Antibiotics in our body so let’s talk power of antibiotics, antibiotics are a powerful way to fight germs used with caution and safety. But half of all antibiotic use is not necessary. Excessive use causes antibacterial resistance. Bacteria adapt over time and become “super bacteria” or “superbugs”. They change so that antibiotics will no longer work on them. They are very dangerous because there is no medicine to kill them.
How to avoid the spread of super bacteria
The best way to slow down the spread of super bacteria is to be careful with antibiotics. Here’s how:
- Do not take them for viral infections.
- Only take what your doctor prescribes.
- Take them as directed.
- Don’t skip meals.
- Take them in full numbers as advised by your doctor.
- Don’t save them later.
Who cannot take antibiotics?
It is very rare for someone not to take any antibiotics. If you have been allergic to antibiotics in the past, this is the main reason why you may not be able to take antibiotics. Even if you are allergic to an antibiotic, your doctor or healthcare professional will be able to choose a variety of antibiotics that you will be able to take. If you are pregnant, there are some antibiotics that you should not take, but your healthcare professional will be able to advise which antibiotic is appropriate if needed. If you are on certain medications, you may need to avoid certain antibiotics, or your regular medication will stop when you take antibiotics. As mentioned above, when prescribing antibiotics, make sure your lab knows the prescription for any medication.
we have discussed The Role of Antibiotics in our Body in this post. I hope you must learnt something from this information.
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