Epidemics and Pandemics free pdf

Epidemics and Pandemics Download Free PDF Medical Book

Epidemics and Pandemics Download Free PDF From Ancient Plagues to Modern-Day Threats. VOLUME 1 by Joseph P. Byrne and Jo N. Hays. Although COVID-19 has taken the world by surprise, public health experts have warned for years that it is only a matter of time before the next global epidemic emerges.   About Epidemics and Pandemics: Influenza epidemics have devastated Europe since the Black Death in the 14th century after World War I, and from the novels of the coronavirus, which has made social distance a new norm, to widespread diseases. The epidemic has played an important role throughout history. The competition is on. They will learn about the effects of modern factors such as global air travel and antibiotic resistance, as well as the role of public health agencies and the media. Volume 2 presents a detailed study of the case, exploring the course and long-term significance of individual epidemics and epidemics throughout history. Epidemics and Pandemics Download Free PDF

Description:

Pages 774
Volumes 1
Format pdf
Author Joseph P. Byrne and Jo N. Hays
Price PDF Free

  You can buy hard copy book from amazon  

Topics

Epidemics and Pandemics Free pdf contains following topics:

  • Examines the topic from a number of angles, offering readers a holistic view of how epidemics and pandemics have affected and continue to affect the world
  • Explains the science behind the emergence and spread of disease in easy-to-understand, jargon-free language
  • Considers issues relevant to today’s readers, including the impact of the anti-vaccination movement, climate change, global travel, and antibiotic resistance
  • Offers a detailed look at the most famous examples of epidemics and pandemics throughout history, using a standardized format that makes finding information quick and easy

 

Introduction:

As the authors of these two volumes put the finishing touches on their texts, the world is in the throes of a major pandemic caused by the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease of 2019) virus. We are experiencing and learning firsthand not only the uncertainty, fear, and panic caused by a biological natural disaster but also the full range of political, social, economic, and cultural effects that the worldwide pandemic has unleashed. At this point, as a society we know more about viruses, how to avoid them, defeat them, and remedy their effects than any previous generation of human beings. Yet our collective responses are rooted in past practices: quarantine, isolation, shutting in, disinfection, travel restrictions, national cordons Sanitaire, even the wearing of face masks reminiscent of photos from the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918–1919. We are awaiting the development of a vaccine, the regularization of testing, and definitive answers regarding matters such as the transmissibility of the pathogens and whether immunity is conferred by an initial infection. As in the early years of the HIV/AIDS crisis, we note that certain groups are undeniably susceptible to the disease while being warned that no one is truly safe, everyone is at risk of death. Even the initial outbreak of the disease remains shrouded in mystery at this point. That its source was Chinese is generally accepted (except perhaps by the Chinese), but whether its source was nature or a laboratory remains unsettled. And whether the Chinese and even the World Health Organization, have acted in good faith in sharing narrative information and reporting epidemiological data continues to be a matter of debate by experts and pundits alike. The event is very far from being concluded, and the issues and effects that surround it are even further from being understood, let alone digested and reflected upon. In short, while it is quite historical—many claim unprecedented—it is far from being history. And these two volumes are works of historical synthesis and analysis, of history. Reporters, journalists, policy-makers, pundits, editorialists, social media mavens, and biomedical, political, and economic experts are informing the public and shaping our understanding and opinions today, and providing the raw materials for the future historians of the COVID-19 pandemic.   An introduction to a historical reference work such as this usually has to make an argument for its value to readers, teachers, and researchers. Some notions of the relevance of the subject matter to contemporary society are paraded as evidence of this. In our case, the previous decade’s experiences with influenza, Ebola, tuberculosis, MERS, HIV/AIDS, malaria, measles, and a long list of other currently active infectious diseases easily make the case for relevance. But greater even than these in its range of global societal effects is the 800-pound gorilla of COVID-19. What these volumes provide is what the study of history always affords, a grounded perspective on the human condition present as well as past. The subject of human disease and its societal contexts through history are also of great interest in their own right. We need not be a fan of the Roman playwright Terence to agree that “as a human, I think nothing human is alien to me.” Disease, not unlike war, love, wrath, spiritual yearning, and curiosity, is certainly a perennial characteristic of the human condition. One might venture to say, even a matter of life and death. The choices and organization of Volume 1 were left to Dr. Byrne and are shaped by our modern understanding of the intersections of disease and society.   In designing a reference work, he was guided by considerations of what a student needs to know for understanding how these intersections work. Its first section unpacks the biological, medical, and epidemiological aspects of disease and ways in which historical societies have understood and fought against disease. Chapters 1 and 2 provide a basic microbiological framework of infectious disease pathology. Chapter 3 discusses some fundamentals of epidemiology, shifting from what happens inside the human body to what happens among bodies and within communities. Chapters 4 and 5 trace the human understanding of and attempts to combat the threats of disease, both before and after development and acceptance of germ theory.   Chapter 6 focuses on the past two decades, laying out both new and emerging diseases, and some of the societal factors that have been accelerating or exacerbating the presence or appearance of infectious disease. The second section presents eight aspects of human culture and society and the historical ways that each impacted and/or was impacted by epidemic disease. These were chosen with an eye on variety, as well as historical importance, as were the topics that fill out each chapter. The volume index is the best way to approach any specific historical episode or disease, and most episodes discussed in any given chapter are amplified in the chapters in Volume 2. Volume 2, authored by Dr. Hays, presents 52 historical episodes of epidemics or pandemics from Classical Athens to the present. Each chapter is organized around several topics. In the “Where and When” section one finds the temporal and geographic scope of the episode under consideration. The “Significance” section steps back from the narrative to place it in a larger historical and historiographical context: why it was and is important as an event. The “Background” section sets the stage for the event, laying out the various biological and social factors that shaped the episode. “How It Was Understood at the Time” section presents the state of knowledge of the contemporaries who experienced and sought to control the disease, information crucial for the reader to understand how and why people reacted the ways they did. The “Responses” section outlines these reactions. Finally, a short section on “Unresolved Historical Issues” considers questions that continue to inspire historians to pursue the event as a topic of scholarly inquiry. Because of their complexity and scope, some chapters do not follow this pattern but approach their subjects in ways that are best suited to them.    

 

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