How are migraine headaches treated in children and adolescents we are going t discuss this topic in this article. Before move further we first know some about Migraine.
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What is a migraine headache?
Migraine is a moderate to severe headache that lasts for 2 to 48 hours and usually occurs two to four times a month.
Migraine, also known as severe recurrent headache, occurs in about 3% of preschool children, 4% to 11% of elementary school children, and 8% to 15% of high school-age children. Is. In early childhood and before puberty, migraines are more common in boys than in boys. In adolescence, migraines affect younger women more than young women. As adults, women are three times more likely to have migraines than men.
Types of migraine in Occur in Children
There are two main types. A migraine without iron (commonly called migraine) occurs in 60 to 85% of children and adolescents who have migraines. Migraine in migraine (called classical migraine) occurs in 15% to 30%. In young children, migraines often begin in the late afternoon. As the baby gets older, migraines often start early in the morning.
Symptoms of migraine
Headache or throbbing. In children, the pain usually affects the front or both sides of the head. In adolescents and adults, headaches can affect one side of the head.
- Light skin color
- Irritable, tempered
- Sensitivity to sound
- Sensitivity to light
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and / or vomiting
How are migraine headaches treated in children?
Basic lifestyle changes can help control a migraine. Whenever possible, avoiding known stimuli can help reduce the frequency and severity of migraine attacks.
Biofeedback and stress reduction. Biofeedback helps a person learn stress reduction skills by providing information on muscle tension, heart rate, and other important symptoms when a person tries to relax. It is used to control certain bodily functions that cause stress and physical discomfort.
Biofeedback and stress reduction. When a person tries to relax, biofeedback helps a person learn stress reduction skills by providing information on muscle tension, heart rate, and other important symptoms. It is used to control certain bodily functions that cause stress and physical discomfort.
Other stress reduction options include counseling, exercise and yoga.
Vitamins, minerals, and herbal products. These products have been shown to be effective in treating migraines. These include magnesium, riboflavin, and coenzyme Q10.
Medicines. Headache medications can be divided into three different types: symptomatic relief, abortion treatment and preventive therapy. Each type of medication is most effective when used in conjunction with medication recommendations, such as diet and lifestyle changes, exercise and relaxation therapy. Symptomatic relief These medications are used to relieve headache-related symptoms, including headaches or nausea and migraine-related back pain. These medications include simple analgesics (ibuprofen or acetaminophen), antiemetics (nausea / vomiting), or sedatives (sleep aids to relieve migraine). Some of these medications may require a prescription. Others are available over-the-counter without the need for a prescription, but they should only be taken on the advice or recommendation of a physician.
See your doctor if symptomatic medications are used more than twice a week. Overuse of symptomatic medications can actually cause more frequent headaches or worsen headache symptoms. It is called recovery or overuse of medicines.
These medications are taken daily to reduce the frequency and severity of migraines over time. Some commonly prescribed precautions include:
- Antidepressant medications, such as amitriptyline (Elavil®)
- Antihistamines, such as cyproheptadine (paracetamol)
- Anticonvulsant drugs, such as Topiramate (Topamex). Divalproex should not be taken in the years of birth.
- Beta-blockers, such as propanolol (Andral®)
- Calcium channel blockers, such as verapamil (Kalan and Isoptin)
Young children: Frequent migraine
These preventative medications may be prescribed.
- Cyproheptidine (pyrethrin®), amitriptyline (Alveoli), topiraite (Topamex), or gabapentin (Neuronti)
- A combination of symptomatic (from the above list) and preventative medicine
Adolescents (Frequent migraine)
How are migraine headaches treated in children and adolescents?
These preventative medications can be tried in Adolescents (Frequent migraine):
- Tricyclic antidepressants, antihistamines, anticonvulsants (especially topiramate [Topamax®]), propranolol, or calcium channel blockers may be prescribed (see names of some of these drugs under “preventive therapy of migraine” above).
- A combination of abortive and symptomatic medications.
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Adolescents: severe migraine
(detachment from other drugs and lasting> 24 hours)
Adolescents with severe migraines should be seen by a headache specialist.
When headaches – and especially migraine headaches – last longer than 24 hours in handling attacks and other medications fail, medications given in the “infusion suit” may be considered. Is. An infusion suite is a designated set of rooms in a hospital or clinic that is supervised by a nurse and where an anesthetic is taken by a doctor. Anesthesia medications are usually effective in relieving migraine attacks. The length of stay of patients in the infusion suit can range from several hours to the whole day.
We try to explain the treatment of How are migraine headaches treated in children and adolescents but you are recommended to please consult with your doctor.