A free medical book Patellar Instability Management Principle and Operative Techniques Written by experts in the field, Patel’s instability and displacement: a comprehensive, authoritative overview of the classification and operational techniques used to deal with this challenging situation. Both print and video include step-by-step procedures, to guide you through today’s most effective methods of stabilization and reconstruction, trichoplasty, organ rearrangement, osteotomy, and more. Pateller provides an overview of treatment based on instability classification, including physical, biomechanical and surgical considerations. You can download free pdf patellar instability with the google drive link.
Features procedures for proximity rearrangement and remote rearrangement; Trocloplasty technique Chondral and osteochondral lesions with patellar instability Techniques to remove patellar instability in immature patients Skeleton limb rearrangement Osteotomy and patellar instability and complications How to solve.
Table of Contents
Patellar Instability Management Principle and Operative Techniques pdf free Offers expert coverage of each procedure both in print and video format.
Includes discussions of surgical anatomy, indications and contraindications, evaluation, surgical management, pearls and pitfalls, preoperative and postoperative protocols, and outcomes.
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|Book Name||Patellar Instability Management Principle and Operative Techniques|
|Author of Book||Dr. Shital N Parikh MD (Editor)|
Here is the preface of the Patellar Instability Management Principle and Operative Techniques in the editor’s words. I was interested when I first read, “More than 100 surgical procedures have been described to treat Patellar instability.” When many procedures are described for the treatment of an entity, there is not a single best surgical procedure and the entity must be multifaceted. I reviewed these procedures to better understand where we are coming from and how the current surgical technique has evolved. A review of historical studies will ultimately lead to the praise (sometimes, even surprise) of previous surgeons, who, despite the lack of adequate resources, were so careful in their observations, so concerned about surgical ideas, and their patients. Were so excited to help! Unfortunately, their surgical ideas went beyond the techniques necessary for their success and often led to illnesses and deaths.
The first surgical procedures for patellar instability were not actually performed to stabilize the patellar, but to reduce the displacement of the irreversible patellar.
In Sir Eastley Cooper’s 1844 book, A Treatise on Dislocations and Fractures of the Joints, several cases of Patellar dislocations were documented, almost all treated conservatively. One of the first operative cases of open deficit is described in this edition. In 1823, a gentleman named Daniel Steinbach maintained Patel’s irreparable vertical displacement when he was shocked by the sudden start of his horse. He tried to reduce it openly, but failed. Like other open procedures during this period, he developed wound infection and sepsis and later died. The earliest case of middle-class eviction was reported in 1857 by Joseph-Franکوois Malgainy in Sir John Erickson’s The Science and Art of Surgery. Then, in 1869, Ratten reported another case of post-traumatic medal dislocation. The treatment recommended by the classical authors was a lifelong bandage for all types of recurrent patellar dislocations.
One of the earliest surgical procedures to treat recurrent Patellar dislocation was performed by Caesar Rox in 1888. He released 13-year-old girl Fanny Launch with West Lateral Tendon and medical transplantation of Patel Tendon. Later, in 1899, Joel Goldthwaite reported the case of a 30-year-old woman with bilateral fixed patellar dislocations. Although the surgery was performed on one side as Rox described, the other side was treated with the lateral capsular release, medial tightening, and medical transposition of table tuberculosis. He liked the latter method. Genovalgam and quadriceps background was widely recognized as a cause of Patellar instability.
In 1853, William McQueen, a student of Mayer and later Joseph Lester, performed the Distal Femoral Medal Closing Wedge Osteotomy in 1879 for the correction of genital warts. Many surgeons first correct the genital value and then perform Patellar stabilization surgery if needed. The roots of thromboplastin can be traced back to the 19th century. Only Lucas-Champion cut a groove on the inner femoral condyle and fixed the patella in it with stitches. Then, in 1891, Bulletin Pollard, who described the cutting of a groove in the cartilage and femur bone to obtain a wide and deep trochlear surface that would retaliate with the patella. Patilectomy was already considered a “harmful” procedure. In 1900, John M. Lauren summed up his ideas – “Dividing the contraction on the outside and sewing the patella through sutures passing through the inner structure seems rational and efficient. The car may be necessary in some cases. If the external rotation of the leg is marked, it would be wise to separate the ligamentum patella and fix it further inwards. Various surgical techniques will continue to be developed.
As the basic pathoanatomy of Patellar instability is better understood, surgical techniques have been improved or developed to deal with them. In the 1960s, Albert Turtlet and Henry Dejore of the Lyon School of Knee Surgery introduced the practice of systematic analysis of patellofemoral pathology. He identified four major risk factors for patellar instability – trochlear dysplasia, patellar inversion, increased patellar inclination, and lateralized table tubercles – and described surgical techniques to correct them.
In 1992, the first report on the reconstruction of the medical patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) was published, although its roots can be traced back to the 1920s, when similar procedures were performed under different names – “proximal transverse retinocular.” Reconstruction “. Thus, two schools of thought have emerged for the surgical management of Patellar instability. One school of thought is to surgically correct all underlying risk factors during Patellar stabilization surgery. This “cart la carte” approach is customized based on each patient’s presence and the breadth of risk factors. The second school of thought is a standard surgical approach for all patients (MPFL reconstruction) that deliberately ignores some or most of the risk factors. Over a period of time, these two ideas have been combined to some extent to reconcile MPFL reconstruction with correction of one or two major physical abnormalities, for example, MPFL reconstruction with tibial tubercle osteotomy. There is ample evidence to support or compare each treatment philosophy.
Topics of this Edition:
PDF Free Medical Book Patellar Instability Management Principle and Operative Techniques has following topics:
Section Editor: Donald Fithian
1. The Evolution of Thoughts, Concepts, and Practice in Patellar
Instability – William R. Post
2. Anatomic and Biomechanical Considerations in Patellofemoral Joint
Instability – Joanna M. Stephen / Andrew Amis
3. Types of Patellar Instability and Treatment Guidelines – Shital N.
Parikh / Marios G. Lykissas
4. Surgical Anatomy of the Patellofemoral Joint: Landmarks and
Localization – Vicente Sanchis-Alfonso / Cristina Ramírez-Fuentes /
Iván Sáenz / Javier Coloma Saiz / Joan Carles Monllau
5. Surgical Considerations During Patellar Stabilization – Najeeb Khan
/ Robert Stewart / Donald Fithian
Proximal Stabilization Techniques
Section Editor: Robert A. Magnussen
6. Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction Using Bone
Tunnels – Najeeb Khan / Anthony Yu / Donald Fithian
7. Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction Using Suture
Anchors – Moneer Abouljoud / David C. Flanigan / Robert A.
8. Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction Using Quadriceps
Tendon – Christian Fink / Mirco Herbort
9. Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction Using Adductor
Magnus Tendon – Petri Sillanpää
10. Medial Quadriceps Tendon-Femoral Ligament Reconstruction –
John P. Fulkerson / Sheeba Joseph
11. Lateral Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction for Medial
Patellar Instability – Shital N. Parikh / Michael G. Saper
12. Lateral Retinacular Release and Lengthening – Elliot Sappey-
Marinier / Nathan White / Elvire Servien
13. Quadricepsplasty Techniques for Patellar Stabilization – Daniel W.
Green / Elizabeth A. Arendt / Colleen Wixted / Meghan Price
Distal Stabilization Techniques
Section Editor: John P. Fulkerson
14. Surgical Considerations for Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy – Jason Koh
15. Tibial Tuberosity Anteromedialization Osteotomy – William R.
16. Tibial Tubercle Distalization – Scott Smith / David C. Flanigan /
Robert A. Magnussen
17. Patellar Tenodesis – Cecile Batailler / Simone Cerciello / Elvire
Servien / Christopher Butcher / Philippe Neyret
Section Editor: Elizabeth A. Arendt
18. Sulcus-Deepening (Lyon) Trochleoplasty – Marco Valoroso /
Giuseppe La Barbera / Guillaume Demey / David Dejour
19. Thin Flap Trochleoplasty – Manfred Nelitz
20. Lateral-Facet Elevating Trochleoplasty – Simon Donell / Iain
21. Lateral-Facet Lengthening Trochleoplasty – Roland M. Biedert
22. Arthroscopic Trochleoplasty – Lars Bl⊘nd
23. Open Proximal Trochleoplasty (Grooveplasty) – Betina B. Hinckel
/ Andreas H. Gomoll / Elizabeth A. Arendt
Chondral and Osteochondral Lesions with Patellar Instability
Section Editor: Hui James Hoi Po
24. Osteochondral Fracture and Patellar Instability – Eric J. Wall /
Shital N. Parikh
25. Chondral Lesions and Patellar Instability – Tan Si Heng Sharon /
Hui James Hoi Po
26. Patellofemoral Degeneration and Patellar Instability – Jack Farr /
Vishal S. Desai / Diane L. Dahm
Patellar Instability in Skeletally Immature Patients
Section Editor: Shital N. Parikh
27. Physeal-Sparing Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction –
Shital N. Parikh / Sean Keyes
28. Implant-Free Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction
Using Soft-Tissue Fixation – Shital N. Parikh
29. Pediatric Distal Stabilization Procedures – Colleen Wixted /
Meghan Price / Daniel W. Green / Shital N. Parikh
30. 4-in-1 Quadricepsplasty for Habitual and Permanent Dislocation of
Patella – Shital N. Parikh
31. Quadricepsplasty for Congenital Dislocation of the Patella and
Patellar Tendon Shortening for Patella Alta – Jack Andrish
Limb Realignment Osteotomy and Patellar Instability
Section Editor: Robert A. Teitge
32. Why Osteotomy for Patellar Instability? – Robert A. Teitge
33. Coronal Plane Osteotomy for Genu Valgum – Robert A. Teitge /
34. Proximal Femur Rotational Osteotomy – Todd J. Frush
35. Distal Femur Rotational Osteotomy – Steffen Schröter
36. Rotational Osteotomy of the Tibia – Ronald J. Van Heerwaarden /
Salvage After Patellar Stabilization
Section Editor: Beth E. Shubin Stein
37. Complications of Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction –
Peters T. Otlans / Beth E. Shubin Stein / Jacqueline M. Brady
38. Failed Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction: Causes and
Treatment – Laurie A. Hiemstra / Sarah Kerslake
39. Overmedialization Following Tibial Tuberosity Osteotomy – Jack
40. Patellar Fracture After Medial Patellofemoral Ligament
Reconstruction – Robin V. West / Shital N. Parikh
Knowledge of patellofemoral instability has increased rapidly in recent times. Advances in imaging, electronic communications, improved equipment and implants, and multi-centre collaboration have contributed to this development. However, there is no single “how” technical reference on the method of patellofemoral stabilization. The purpose of this text is to fill this gap and provide information on current surgical techniques used to deal with Patellar instability. This book will be useful for both a new practitioner who is reviewing various surgical options and an experienced surgeon who is looking for tips and tricks for surgical skills. My goal was to bring together a group of authors who have been responsible for developing the techniques described and first learning how to do them. I am grateful to these partners for their time, effort and willingness to share. Despite busy medical practices and other educational commitments, they have provided a wealth of valuable information that will enhance our technical understanding.
Valuable information that will enhance our technical understanding. The book is divided into eight sections. I am indebted to the section editors for their assistance in supervising and editing the content of each section. The introductory section provides a historical perspective and anatomical and surgical views for Patellar stabilization. The next two sections cover basic techniques (including MPFL reconstruction) and distal stabilization procedures. Subsequent sections include thromboplasty, chondral and osteochondral lesions, pediatric patients, and advanced surgical techniques for limb osteotomy. Each chapter contains a table on indications and contradictions, a table on beads and losses, and a subdivision of possible complications of a particular technique. Some chapters include alternative techniques for dealing with pathology. The last part focuses on dealing with the complexities of Patellar stability.
Surgical techniques and skills, by themselves, do not lead to successful results. Patient selection, clinical diagnosis, good judgment, and clinical experience are more important factors that help create the best management plan for the best patient care. Also, to master the skill of surgery one only needs to read this text or watch video demonstrations with it. Practice on caddors or models is a prerequisite for advanced surgical techniques. Some of these techniques are performed in only a few centers, are technically demanding, and lack long-term results. The reader should consider this before adopting a particular surgical technique.