Types of Doctors and Jobs

20 Different Types of Doctors and Their Jobs

There many types of Physician Specialties and Medical Specialist are working in different fields of medicine, so here we are going to discuss 20 Different Types of Doctors and Their Jobs according to their degree and field in medicine. About millions of physicians are practising in the world. While some physicians specialize in diagnosing and treating the whole body, others specialize in specific parts of the body, such as the skin or the eyes. So a common man doesn’t know how many types of doctorate degrees and different types of doctors and what they do. So we are going to cover 20 types of Doctors and their Jobs in this article

What you will learn in this Post?

After reading this post you will be able to understand what type of doctors are there in the medical field, and if you are a medical student then one day you will ask a question to yourself what type of doctor should I be?  so this article will help you to answer your question. If you are a common man then your General knowledge is going to boost.


Different Types of Doctors


Paediatricians focus on treating children from birth to puberty. They can be a primary care therapist and receive training in:

  • A good baby and a good baby walk
  • School or sports physics
  • Childhood vaccines
  • Prevention of disease for infants and children
  • Treating diseases and injuries in infants and children



They treat immune system disorders such as asthma, eczema, food allergies, insect sting allergies, and some autoimmune diseases.



Anesthesiologists are pain managers. They oversee pain medications and administer them during surgery. We know most anesthesiologists as those who “put us to sleep” for surgery and administered a wide range of pain medications. Although you are unlikely to see an anesthesiologist outside of the hospital, you will work with one before and after surgery to make sure your body is healthy as a whole. Some anesthesiologists work with patients in chronic pain care, and others specialize in various areas of medicine such as paediatrics or obstetrics.

In short, these doctors will give you medicine to ease your pain or during surgery, childbirth, or other procedures.


He specializes in heart and blood vessels. You may see them for heart failure, heart attack, high blood pressure, or uncontrolled heartbeat.


A dermatologist is a dermatologist. Pathologists treat chronic and short-term diseases, including cancer, psoriasis and acne. A primary care doctor will refer you to a dermatologist if the skin condition is beyond their comprehension, or if more advanced care is needed.


Endocrinologists treat the endocrine system. The glands that make and secrete hormones that control and regulate almost all the functions of the body. Endocrinologists often treat people with diabetes or thyroid disease

Like internal medicine practitioners, endocrinologists enrol in medical school followed by internal medicine. They are then required to attend fellowship training for endocrinology.


They specialize in hormones and metabolism. They can treat conditions such as diabetes, thyroid problems, infertility, and calcium and bone diseases.

Family Physicians

They look after the whole family, including children, adults and the elderly. They perform routine checkups and screening tests, give you flu and immunizations, and manage diabetes and other ongoing medical conditions.


Gastroenterologists treat digestive functions and diseases. This field attracts physicians who enjoy the procedure, but also like to see patients in outpatient conditions.

Gastroenterologist image

Another side effect of topical medicine is gastrointestinal. At the very least, gastroenterologists go to medical school, followed by internal medicine. From there, they need to go to fellowship training for gastrointestinal training.

Geriatric Medicine Specialists

These doctors take care of the elderly. They can treat people in their homes, doctors’ offices, nursing homes, support centres and hospitals.


Haematologists are also a type of doctors. They specialize in diseases of the blood, spleen and lymph glands such as sickle cell disease, anaemia, haemophilia and leukaemia.



Pulmonologists treat the cardiopulmonary system, which consists of the heart, lungs, and organs involved in the respiratory process.

In addition, pulmonologists can work in an office setting to treat patients with respiratory distress, severe allergies, lung problems, and other respiratory illnesses. They can also treat patients with pulmonary disease who are in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU).

Aspiring pulmonologists study in medical school followed by internal medicine accommodation. He then attends Fellowship Training in Pulmonology.


Nephrologists treat kidney disease and prescribe dialysis for people with kidney failure.

Nephrologist images

After medical school, these physicians enrol in the Medicine Residency Admission Program. After that, they need to attend Nephrology Fellowship Training.


Osteopathic medicine (DO) doctors are fully licensed medical doctors like MD. Their training emphasizes a “whole body” approach. Osteopaths use state-of-the-art medical technology but also physical abilities that heal themselves.



These lab doctors examine fluids under physical tissues and microscopes to identify the causes of diseases.

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Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who treat eye diseases or disorders such as cataracts and glaucoma.

Optical corrections that cannot be handled by an optometrist can be treated by a physician. Ophthalmologists will also perform eye surgery when needed.

The psychiatrist attends medical school and then the science resides in the eye. They do not need to be friends, although many people choose to go for friendship training for specific eye diseases or surgical procedures.


A psychiatrist specializes in mental health. They treat emotional and behavioural problems through psychotherapy, psychiatry, medication, and hospitalization. Their work can be office based, hospital-based or a combination of both.

After residency for medical school and psychiatry, some psychiatrists go for fellowships in the subdivision. Psychology has many different characteristics, including child and adolescent psychology, drug abuse, or eating disorders.


The surgeons follow the procedure to plan the procedure, perform the surgery in the operating room, and then identify any complications and confirm that the procedure was successful.

Surgeons can be trained in general surgery or in areas of more specialized surgery, such as hand surgery, pediatric surgery, or vascular surgery.


A radiologist specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions using medical imaging tests. They can read and interpret scans such as X-rays, MRIs, mammograms, ultrasounds and CT scans. The radiologist came on the 20th number of our list of 20 Different Types of Doctors.



Beyond the focus on them, the characteristics of the physician also differ in more practical ways.

For example, a dermatologist usually does not work on nights/weekends and has more control over their schedule, somewhere, a cardiologist who is on call and needs an emergency.

As you consider what area of ​​medicine you specialize in, be sure to examine your interests and required training as well as issues like these.

Wherever you land, your talents can have a huge impact on people’s lives and take you to one of the most rewarding and sometimes declining – career paths.

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