Adjustable Gastric Band image

What Is Bariatric Surgery and Its Pros And Cons

What Is Bariatric Surgery and Its Pros And Cons, Bariatric Surgery Risks, Complications, and Side Effects? If you are looking for the answer to these questions then you are landed on the right page. We shall let you know complete detail about Bacterial Surgery and is it safe or harmful and What are the advantages and disadvantages.


What is Bacterial Surgery?

Weight loss surgery is known as bariatric and metabolic surgery. Bacterial infections are a major cause of illness and death in developing countries. There is little emphasis on continuous monitoring of the effectiveness of antimicrobial agents on common bacterial pathogens. Bacterial resistance to microbial pathogens occurs between communities and geographical areas. Unfortunately, in many developing countries, studies to determine antibiotic susceptibility are not routine. Thus, the choice of antibiotic use cannot be based on local evidence of bacterial susceptibility. Such use of antimicrobials is not only useless but also promotes bacterial resistance and results in increased mortality and morbidity. Ineffective drug use also leads to the selection of resistant strains that then spread and spread.

We studied the pattern of antimicrobial susceptibility to bacterial isolation in surgical patients at Lilongwe Central Hospital. During the study period, all patients who underwent major surgery at LCH were regularly receiving chloramphenicol plus or minus gentamicin in the immediate preoperative period.

Pros of Bariatric Surgery

Like any other surgical procedure, bariatric surgery has both advantages and disadvantages. If you are not effectively obese, bariatric surgery far outweighs the expected health benefits of bariatric (weight loss) surgery.

The UPMC Bariatric Services team will work with you to ensure that weight loss surgery is the best option for you.

Weight loss

After immediate action, most people lose weight fast and keep doing it from 18 to 36.

Improved health

Weight loss surgery can improve a number of obesity-related health conditions, including:

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Cholesterol rising
  • Lack of sleep

 After Bariatric Surgery

In addition to its many health benefits, bariatric surgery can help improve a patient’s overall mood and mental health.

Patients who have had this procedure report a reduction in feelings of depression and anxiety, as well as an increase in energy in adopting a more active lifestyle after surgery.


Cons of Bariatric Surgery

Every surgical procedure carries risks. Your surgeon will explain the complications of bariatric surgery, both short and long-term, and answer any questions.

  • Acid reflux
  • Anesthesia-related risks
  • Stomach obstruction
  • Weight loss or failure to lose weight
  • Prolonged nausea and vomiting
  • Dilation of esophagus
  • Unable to eat certain foods
  • Infection

Long Term Risk of bariatric Surgery


  • Dumping syndrome, a condition that can lead to symptoms like nausea and dizziness
  • Low blood sugar
  • Malnutrition
  • Vomiting
  • Ulcers
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Hernias

Reducing Your Bariatric Surgery Risks

You can help reduce some of the risks and potential side effects:

  • Lowering your body mass index (BMI)
  • Increase the amount of exercise you do
  • Quit smoking

What is Bariatric Surgery Procedure?

Weight loss surgery is the other name of bariatric and metabolic surgery. These terms are used to describe the effects of these actions on patients’ weight and the health of their metabolism (breaking down energy in food). In addition to their ability to treat obesity, they are also very effective in treating diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea, and high cholesterol in many diseases. These operations also have the potential to prevent future health problems. Benefits Obese patients choose to enjoy better treatment life and longevity.

The general procedure approved by the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery is listed and explained. Each surgery has its advantages and disadvantages. Your bariatric surgeon will review your health history and work with you to determine which surgery is best for you.


Following are 5 types of Bacterial Surgeries:

  1. Sleeve Gastrectomy
  2. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
  3. Adjustable Gastric Band
  4. Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch
  5. Single Anastomosis Duodenal-Ileal Bypass with Sleeve Gastrectomy

Sleeve Gastrectomy

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy often called “sleeve”, is performed by removing approximately 80% of the abdomen. The rest of the stomach is the shape and form of a banana.

Sleeve Gastrectomy


Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

The Rocks NY gastric bypass often referred to as the “gastric bypass”, has been performed for more than 50 years and has improved laparoscopic vision since 1993. This is a very common operation and is very effective in treatment. Obesity and obesity-related diseases. The name is a French term meaning “in the shape of a Y”.

Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

The Procedure

  • First, the stomach is divided into small portions (pouches) that are about the size of an egg. The large part of the stomach is neglected and no longer stores or digests food.
  • The small intestine is also divided and attached to a new stomach sac so that food cannot pass. The segment of the small intestine that empties the bypass or large abdomen is connected to the small intestine in a groove approximately 3-4-feet below, resulting in a Y-shaped bowel joint.
  • Eventually, stomach acid and digestive enzymes from the first part of the bypassed stomach and small intestine will be found in the food eaten.

How it Works:

Gastric bypass works in many ways. Like many bariatric procedures, the newly created stomach pouch is smaller and able to hold less food, which means fewer calories are added. In addition, food does not form with the first part of the small intestine, and as a result, absorption is reduced. Most importantly, modifying the food course through the stomach has a profound effect on reducing appetite, increasing fullness, and helping the body reach and maintain a healthy weight. Hormones and effects on metabolic health often lead to improvement in adult diabetes before weight loss. Surgery also helps patients with reflux (heartburn) and often the symptoms improve quickly. In addition to choosing the right foods, patients must avoid tobacco products and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen.

Adjustable Gastric Band

An adjustable gastric band is a device made of silicone that is placed around the upper abdomen to limit one’s intake of food. It has available in the USA since 2001. The effects of obesity-related diseases and long-term weight loss are less than other methods. Therefore, its use has decreased over the last decade.

Adjustable Gastric Band

The Procedure of Adjustable Gastric Band

The device is secured by placing a small pouch over the band around the upper abdomen.

How it Works

The feeling of well-being depends on the size of the opening between the sac and the rest of the abdomen. The size of the opening through a port under the skin can be adjusted with fluid injection. The food usually passes through the stomach but is limited by the small opening of the band. It is less successful against type 2 diabetes and has fewer effects on metabolism.

Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch

Bluepancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch, abbreviated to BPD-DS, begins with the formation of a tube-shaped abdominal pouch similar to the sleeve’s stomach. It is found in gastric bypass, where the small intestine is not used much.

Adjustable Gastric Band

The Process of it

After the sleeve-like abdomen is formed, the first part of the small intestine separates from the abdomen.
A portion of the small intestine is then brought to the front and attached to the newly formed abdominal store so that when the patient eats, food passes through the sleeve sac and into the end of the small intestine.

How it Works

A small stomach like a banana allows patients to eat less. Food flow bypasses about 75% of the small intestine, which is one of the most commonly accepted procedures. This results in a significant reduction in the absorption of calories and nutrients. Patients must take vitamin and mineral supplements after surgery. More than gastric bypass and gastric bypass, BPD-DS affects intestinal hormones in a way that reduces appetite, increases fullness, and improves blood sugar control. BPD-DS is considered an effective approved metabolic operation for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.


Single Anastomosis Duodenal-Ileal Bypass with Sleeve

Single anastomosis duodenal allele bypass with potato gastrocnemius, called SADI-S, is a recent procedure endorsed by the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery. While similar to BPD-DS, SADI-S is easier and takes less time to perform because there is only one surgical bowel connection.

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The Procedure

The procedure begins with a gastrectomy of the sleeve, which results in a small tube belly.
The first part of the small intestine divides after the stomach.
A loop of the intestine is measured several feet from its tip and then connected to the abdomen. This is the only internal contact in this procedure.

How it Works

When the patient eats, the food passes through the sac and directly into the posterior part of the small intestine. The food is then mixed with the digestive juices from the first part of the small intestine. It absorbs enough vitamins and minerals to maintain a healthy level of nutrition. This surgery offers less appetite, more fullness, controls blood sugar, and improves diabetes as well as weight loss.

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